Navajo Nation Environmental Protection Agency (NNEPA) Pesticide Program provides pesticide safety procedures for livestock pesticide applicators. The primary targeted parasitism is the external parasites on all farm/ranch livestock, such as ticks, lice and mites. The parasite causes discomfort and suck blood from the animal to which they are attached. They are of concern as potential vector or carriers of organisms producing disease, which causes hide damage and economic loss to the producers. Where external parasites are a problem, the only effective control measure is the use of insecticides on the animals as a spray, systematically or in some cases dip. The federal and state governments restrict the uses of many of the best insecticides. Restrictions are even greater if the compound is to be used on food producing animals.
Guides to Applications:
The safety of your health and others' should be a major concern during any pesticide application. Labels are the legal source of information that needs to be adhered to and observe its safety rules. The labeling provides the following instructions:
the rate of application, mixing procedures (dilution rate), wear appropriate equipment/clothing, and identify your targeted pest. Apply on appropriate days, if spraying is the choice of application; do not apply on windy or rainy days. Wear waterproof clothing if you will be working in drifts, spray or runoffs. Do not wipe your gloves on your clothing; this will contaminate your clothing. Never eat, drink, smoke, or chew while handling or applying pesticides. Brimmed hat and eye protection (safety glasses/goggles) should be worn as well. Be dressed for your work. If systemic procedure is applied, be specific to the ratio or application; weight of the animal, type of animal, and age of the animal. Wear appropriate wardrobe for the task to be performed as indicated on the label. Always wear rubber gloves when handling or applying pesticides to prevent dermal exposure. To prevent spillage and possible poisonings, check all applications equipment for leaking hoses, pumps, or connections.
Storage of Pesticide Products:
As with all pesticide products keep out of reach of children. Store in secure area with a lock to prevent unauthorized entry. Make sure pesticide products are off the floor on pellet or shelf. Store the product in their original containers and be sure to mix just enough pesticides for every job. No person shall transport, store, or dispose of any pesticide or pesticide container in such a manner as to cause injury to humans, vegetation, crops, livestock, wildlife, waterway or otherwise adversely impact the quality of any other natural resources.
Transportation of Pesticides:
The safest way to haul pesticides is in the back of a truck. Secure all containers to prevent breakage and spillage. Keep pesticides away from food, feed, livestock, pets, and passengers. Pesticides should be transported only in correctly labeled containers. Do not leave pesticides unattended. You are responsible if accidents occur. Always have absorbent material on hand in case of accidental spills.
First Aid and Pesticide Poisoning:
Read the first aid instructions on the pesticide label. Follow the instructions. Do not become exposed to poisoning yourself while you are trying to help. Take the pesticide container or label to the physician. Do not carry the pesticide container in the passenger space of a car or truck. Have some water available for quick wash in case of exposure. Pesticides can posion humans as well as the environment if used in abnormal manner that is inconsistent with the product labeling. Over exposure to pesticides can be harmful and can cause injury. You also should be on the alert for the two kinds of clues of pesiticide poisoning. Some are feelings that only the person who has been poisoned can notice, such as nausea or headache. You should know what your own symptoms might mean and what signs of poisoning to look for in your co-workers and others who may have been exposed.